Machine learning is a method of data analysis that automates analytical model building. It is an application that provides systems the ability to automatically learn and improve from experience without being explicitly programmed. It is based on the idea that systems can learn from data, identify patterns and make decisions with minimal human intervention. The process of learning begins with observations or data, such as examples, direct experience, or instruction, in order to look for patterns in data and make better decisions in the future based on the examples that we provide.

Health scholars believe machine learning is one of the life-saving technology that will transform healthcare. This technology challenges the traditional, reactive approach to healthcare. Machine learning has predictive, proactive, and preventative—life-saving qualities that make it critically essential in every health system.